Kartarpur Sahib is a holy town and this town has its religious importance. There are two cities with same name one in is India and other is in Pakistan.
Kartarpur is a town in the Doaba area of the Punjab, close to the city of Jalandhar. Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, created it. Kartarpur is located at 31.44 degrees north latitude and 75.5 degrees east latitude. It has a 228 metre average elevation (748 feet). On the G.T. Road between Jalandhar and Amritsar, it is 15 kilometres away (National Highway 1).
Kartarpur has a population of around 50,000 people. Kartarpur has a higher literacy rate than the national average of 59.5 percent, with male literacy at 72 percent and female literacy at 66 percent. 12 percent of the population of Kartarpur is under the age of six. The city is divided into 14 municipal wards.
Kartarpur is known for a memorial museum named Jang-e-Azadi that aims to disseminate knowledge about the rich Punjabi culture and freedom fighters of Punjab.
Popular Gurdwaras in Kartarpur-
- Gurdwara Thammi Sahib
- Gurdwara Gangsar Patshahi Panjvin Te Chhevin
- Gurdwara Viah Asthan Guru Tegh Bahadur Te Mata Gujariji
- Gurdwara Chubachcha Sahib Patshahi Chhevin
- Gurdwara Tahli Sahib Patshahi 7
- Gurdwara Babe Di Ber or simply Ber Sahib
There are other prominent places to visit such as the samdhi of Bibi Kaulari; Nanakiana Sahib, a shrine dedicated to Mata Nanaki, Guru Tegh Bahadur’s mother; Damdama Sahib, a platform dedicated to Guru Hargobind; and Dera Bhai Bhagatu Ji, marking the site where Bhai Bhagatu, a prominent Sikh contemporary of the Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Gurus, was cremated by Guru Har Rai in 1652.
Kartarpur, Pakistan –
This Kartarpur is located in Norwal, Punjab, Pakistan. Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Sikh’s first guru, built Kartarpur in 1504 AD on the Ravi River’s right bank. From Punjabi word “Kartar” meaning “Creator” or “Lord of Creation” and “Pur” meaning “City,” Kartarpur signifies “city of Creator or God.”
The first ‘Sikh commune’ was established here, where everyone, regardless of faith or caste, lived together. Guru Nanak and his family eventually arrived at Kartarpur after a 20-year journey. Following his death in 1539, both Hindus and Muslims claimed him as their own, erecting mausoleums in his honour that shared a single wall. The mausoleums were finally swept away by the Ravi River’s shifting flow. Guru Nanak’s son, on the other hand, preserved the urn carrying his father’s ashes and reburied it on the river’s left bank, where a new settlement was developed, which is now known as Dera Baba Nanak.
Punjabis make up the majority of the population, who speak Punjabi and Urdu. Some people speak English as a third language. The bulk of the ethnic groupings are Gurjars, Rajputs, and Jatts. Gujjar Muslims make up the majority of the population. In the town, there are various masjids. Following the partition of British India in 1947, a small number of Hindus and Sikhs moved to India, while a large number of Muslim refugees from India settled in Kartarpur.
Hence, both the cities have high religious importance and people visit also to experience the heavenly bliss.